In Week 10, most moms feel that their morning sickness has started to subside! It is a period of time in which the fetus begins to look more human-like, but how much exactly has the fetus grown? Here’s a summary of what Week 10 is like!
10 Weeks Pregnant: Morning sickness subsides, weight gain
Some moms are set free from nausea and from feeling sick to their stomachs around Week 10, and the peak of morning sickness is now over. For some, their appetites return. Although it is ideal to increase your weight gradually each week, an overall weight increase of about 2 to 4 pounds in the first trimester is ideal, it is important not to overeat and allow your weight to soar. Note that obesity can increase the risk of preeclampsia or gestational diabetes.
On the other hand, being underweight means your baby might not have enough nutrients – this could cause your baby to have a low birth weight or be born premature. Make sure that you’re getting enough vegetables and fruits to ensure that you have a balanced intake of nutrients, and try to keep your health in check.
Symptom #1: Visible blood vessels
In Week 10 of pregnancy, the blood produced in the body increases by 40 to 50% and more blood is sent to the blood vessels than usual. This is because more blood has to be supplied to the uterus and the placenta. When the volume of blood in the body increases, the veins in the feet, breasts and the abdominal area might bulge and become more visible. However, there is no need to worry: this is a common phenomenon in pregnancy.
The increase in blood volume might cause your legs to swell more easily, and this can effectively lead to chronic lethargy. Propping your legs up and making sure you are getting enough water will aid blood circulation and reduce swelling.
Symptom #2: Backache worsens
Even if you have never experienced any backache before, you might be afflicted by backache as pregnancy causes the uterus to become larger and blood flow to the pelvic area increases. The hormone relaxin, produced by the corpus luteum and placenta, causes pelvic ligaments to relax, and this in turn also causes backache.
Try to keep an eye maintaining good posture while in the first trimester. As you move farther along in your pregnancy, the increasing size of your belly could strain your back further. If this is causing you grief, a pelvic belt or a belly band could help ease your backache.
Symptom #3: Linea nigra appears
In Week 10, it is not unusual for moles, bruises and freckles to start appearing, scars to change color, and body parts like the vagina, vulva and nipples to become darker in color. This is because, during pregnancy, the increased amount of progesterone secreted in your body causes melanocytes to produce more melanin.
The linea nigra – the dark vertical line that runs down the middle of your belly – also appears due to the increase in melanin. This pigmentation only occurs during pregnancy and the linea nigra will slowly disappear after delivery in most cases, when hormone levels return to pre-pregnancy levels.
10 Weeks Pregnant: Sonogram of fetus in your belly
10 Weeks Fetus in Belly: Eyes appear closed
At the end of Week 10, the fetus is about 3 to 5 cm long, weighs about 5 to 12 grams and has a head that is slightly bigger than half of its body. The fingernails, toenails, root of hairs start growing and the baby straightens itself out a little from its original curled-up position. Although Baby’s legs are still short, and the thighs are still small in terms of circumference, the joints start to resemble those of adults, and the blood vessels in both feet are already functional.
Skin that was previously transparent thickens, bones continue to harden and muscle mass increases rapidly. The iris of the eye (the thin tissues that regulate the light coming into the pupil) and eyelids continue to form, though the eyes will remain shut for now. The vagina and the testicles are forming in the female and male fetus respectively, although you will not be able to tell the sex of your baby via an ultrasound scan yet.
Fetus’ Heartbeat: Doppler device
The heart is almost fully formed and is beating at 150 beats per minute (bpm). Before, you might have seen your baby’s heart beating on the monitor, but from Week 8 onward, you will be able to hear your baby’s heartbeat with a Fetal Doppler device.
10 Weeks Pregnant: Calcium and Vitamin C
Typically you will continue to gain weight in Week 10, a period when the bones and muscles of the fetus grow rapidly. To support your fetus’ growth, experts recommend that you increase your consumption of calcium-rich foods like milk, yogurt, sesame seeds, almonds or even Japanese foods that contain wakame (seaweed) and tofu.
Cheese might seem like a good snack this week due to its high calcium content. Hard cheese can also help reduce the acidity in your mouth and help prevent tooth decay. However, refrain from eating cheese made from unpasteurized milk, and watch how much cheese you eat when you are eating it as a source of calcium.
According to the U.S Recommended Daily Allowance, pregnant moms who are 14 to 18 years of age or 19 to 50 years of age should consume 1,300 mg or 1,000 mg of calcium a day respectively in order to prevent osteoporosis during pregnancy.
You should also increase your intake of Vitamin C. Vitamin C facilitates the absorption of iron, and is essential in the synthesis of collagen, which forms blood, bone and blood vessels. You can try eating more fruits, bell peppers and broccoli – foods rich Vitamin C.
Reduce your intake of salt, as salt can result in swelling and weight gain from water retention. Make an effort to have as balanced a diet as possible!
The Burgeoning Belly: Preparation for second trimester
When entering later half of the second trimester of pregnancy, you will notice an increase in the size of your belly. You may also notice it’s becoming more and more difficult to move around. On days when your morning sickness is letting up a bit, take the day off and go shopping in advance for baby stuff, cream for stretch marks, belly bands or other essentials you might need.