The second trimester of pregnancy! It’s now Week 14 of pregnancy, morning sickness subsides, and your belly becomes more and more noticeable with each passing day. From this week onward, your baby will grow at a rapid pace in the next month, gradually transforming into the child who will finally greet you on your delivery day. So what’s in store for you and your baby in Week 14?
14 Weeks Pregnant: Body temperature and symptoms
As you may already know, your body temperature rises when you become pregnant, but it will start to gradually decrease sometime between Week 12 and Week 15.
The reason why your BBT (basal body temperature) remains high in early pregnancy is because after the egg is fertilized and implanted into the endometrium, the corpus luteum secretes large amounts of the steroid hormone progesterone to support the pregnancy. However, once the placenta is fully formed, it takes over the job of progesterone secretion. This results in the gradual decrease in the mom’s basal body temperature.
Morning sickness becomes less severe around this period. However, do note that a sudden drop in BBT before Week 12 could be a sign of miscarriage, so talk to your doctor if you have any concerns.
14 Weeks Pregnant: Belly and fundal height
Around Week 14 of pregnancy, the fundal height can be measured. The fundal height is the distance from the top of the pubic bone to the top of the uterus. It is a standard measure used to check on the fetus’ development and ensure there is enough of amniotic fluid in the uterus for the baby to grow healthily. It is also used in the calculation of the fetus’ body weight, which will help your OB-GYN keep tabs on the fetus’ growth.
The ideal fundal height of a woman in Week 14 of pregnancy is 12 to 18 cm. If the fundal height is higher than the ideal, it indicates the possibility of hydramnios (excess of amniotic fluid, usually over 2000 ml), macrosomia (a baby weighing more than 8 lbs. 13 oz. / 4 kg) or placenta previa (placenta covers part or the whole of the cervix). When the fundal height falls short of the ideal, there is a possibility of oligohydramnios (not enough amniotic fluid), poor growth of or arrested development in the fetus.
Keep in mind that there might be errors in the measurements of fundal heights as they are measured using a soft plastic tape. It is recommended that you follow up with an ultrasound scan to be able to determine if there are any abnormalities.
Symptoms: Amount of discharge increases
In preparation for the baby’s passing through the birth canal, the vagina loosens and the amount of discharge increases. It’s time to get pantyliners ready, as well as breathable and absorbent underwear. However wearing the same pantyliner for too long time will cause bacteria to flourish. Remember to change it regularly.
Pay attention to your discharge. If it’s thick and glue-like, yellowish or greenish in color, or gives off a strong smell, something might be wrong down there. Pay attention to your body in order not to overlook the distress signals your baby might be sending your way.
Symptoms: Edema and weight gain
The amount of blood in your body continues to increase and weight gain is inevitable. On top of that, pregnancy causes edema – swelling in parts of the body like your legs or ankles. Avoid standing for too long and try to lie down more instead. Prop your legs up to aid blood circulation, and this should alleviate some of the swelling.
Do note that feet massages, especially those that massage the soles of the feet, affect the heart and internal organs. If you want to combat edema, which is caused by water retention, you can try eating less salt and drinking more water.
It is also recommended that you take off your wedding ring (if you wear one!) and keep it somewhere safe as wearing it when you have edema can cause discomfort when your fingers swell and the ring becomes too tight for comfort.
14 Weeks Pregnant: Sonogram of the fetus in your belly
14 Weeks Pregnant: Fetal movements and fetus’ sex?
The fetus is 8–10 cm, weighs about 25–100 grams, and is growing at an exceptional speed. Although the length of the baby differs from one to another, if check-ups don’t reveal anything wrong, then you can heave a sigh of relief. All of the fetus’ main organs are completely now formed. Your baby might be moving about vigorously right now, but because they’re still so small, and their muscles are not that strong yet, you might not feel anything.
- The neck grows and the head is now situated on top of the neck instead of the shoulders
Fetus practices digestion by swallowing and excreting amniotic fluid
Fetus opens and closes mouth and is able to “breathe” and swallow
Fetus can now face different directions
Fetus is able to clench fists, bend wrists and make grabbing motions with its hands
The neural circuit that connects the brain cells together is completely formed
About 25 liters of blood is pumped through the heart each day
Fetus moves legs, curls toes, kicks and changes the direction their feet is pointing toward
Genitalia is completely formed and in a few cases, some moms will be able to find out the sex of their baby via ultrasound
14 Weeks Pregnant: Watch weight gain!
In Week 14, the relationship between your weight and your baby’s growth is that of a direct variation. If you are gaining too much weight, how about doing some light exercises? Exercising can also keep preeclampsia at bay.
When the pregnancy enters the 16th week, light exercises like prenatal yoga, swimming or walking are recommended. However, if you experience feeling faint when standing up, headaches, lower abdominal pains or tightness in the abdominal region, stop exercising immediately. Remember not to push yourself too hard.
Supporting the fetus’ growth!
The 14th week of pregnancy is a period in which the baby grows quickly. As you might be feeling much better physically, try to support your baby’s growth by eating nutritious food, doing some light exercise, and having as healthy a lifestyle as you can!