15 Weeks Pregnant: Fetus, Belly and Symptoms

When you hit the 15th-week-of-pregnancy-mark, you can congratulate yourself: The first week of the second trimester has ended with no life-threatening complications! The protruding belly can no longer conceal the fact that you’re pregnant and you can really feel the baby’s presence now. Some moms might have already determined the sex of their babies. Do you know the sex of your baby yet? Soon, you might be wondering when you will feel your baby move. But for now, you must be wondering what happens in Week 15, right?

15 Weeks Pregnant: Size of belly and weight gain

pregnant figure

The uterus is now as big as a grapefruit. Some moms see an increase in weight gain because they eat more as their morning sickness and moods improve, and because the amount of amniotic fluid and the weight of the baby increases as well. Do keep a watchful eye on your weight and remember to have as relaxed a lifestyle as possible.

Fetus’ sex: Based on fetal movements in your belly?

baby twins

In general, fetal movements can be felt from around Weeks 16 to 22, but some women testify to feeling some fetal movements around Week 15. You might feel some gurgling in the area around your stomach and intestines or feel vibrations in your belly.

With each passing week, the movements in your belly will become more vigorous and you will feel them more strongly. Among the many old wives’ tales surrounding fetal movements, one says that if you feel fetal movements early in your pregnancy, the baby is a boy, and if you feel it in the later stages, the baby is a girl.

There is no scientific evidence backing this up, but you might want to note this little trivia down and use it to spice up your conversations with family and friends. You will be able to find out the sex of your baby when a sonogram comes along.

15 Weeks Pregnant: Nosebleed, nasal congestion

nasal congestion, running nose, sneeze

The amount of estrogen and progesterone secreted during pregnancy increases, and the levels of hormones in your body change. Changes in your hormone levels lead to an increase in the amount of blood flowing to the nasal mucosa (membrane lining the nasal cavity). As a result, your nose will feel swollen, tender, and will bleed more easily. When your nose bleeds, sit up straight and tilt your head forward a little or lean forward while pinching your nose, and the bleeding should stop after about 10 minutes.

The amount of estrogen and progesterone secreted during pregnancy increases, and the levels of hormones in your body change. Changes in your hormone levels lead to an increase in the amount of blood flowing to the nasal mucosa (membrane lining the nasal cavity). As a result, your nose will feel swollen, tender, and will bleed more easily. When your nose bleeds, sit up straight and tilt your head forward a little or lean forward while pinching your nose, and the bleeding should stop after about 10 minutes.

As estrogen causes the nasal mucosa to swell, you might also find yourself a victim of nasal congestion. However, there is no need to worry – your stuffy nose is merely a physiological phenomenon and not an indication that something is wrong.

15 Weeks Pregnant: Sonogram of fetus in your belly

Week15 scan

15 Weeks Pregnant: Fetus

Around Week 15 of pregnancy, the baby starts moving vigorously. The fetus is now 10–13 cm long and weighs about 40–100 grams. As the fetus’ body, bones in the limbs and muscles are all undergoing a growth spurt during this period, you can look forward to seeing changes in your baby every time you go for a checkup.

The second trimester is a period in which many women see a further increase in body weight. If you were in the healthy BMI range pre-pregnancy, you should aim to put on 1 pound a week during this period.

Fetus’ growth

  • The eyes begin to move

  • Face is covered by fine hairs called lanugo

  • Ears move to where they should be situated at

  • The skin thickens and becomes translucent

  • Nails on feet grow

  • Fetus opens and closes mouth, drinks in the amniotic fluid and expels it through urinating

  • The start of the suckling reflex: fetus sucks thumbs and fingers

  • Genitalia is completely formed and the sex of the fetus can be determined

15 Weeks Pregnant: Bleeding and tightness in belly

OK, alright

A miscarriage that occurs anytime between Week 12 and Week 22 is termed a “late miscarriage”. Although 90% of pregnancy losses occur in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy and are not preventable, some late miscarriages that are preventable can actually be a result of the mother’s physical condition. Late miscarriages can be the result of abnormalities in the uterus, extreme stress or strenuous exercise.

If you suspect that the bleeding, tightness in your belly and abdominal pains you feel are all forebodings of a late miscarriage, please go to the hospital immediately! To working moms, it might be difficult to let go of your work if you wish to excel, but try not to be too stressed over it. Work within your own limits and take care of yourself.

The Second Trimester: “Stability”

eating, couple, love, smile

In the past two weeks, your baby has grown to twice its size. Through ultrasound scans, you will be able to monitor your baby’s growth and observe one of the most wonderful miracles of life. For many women, from the next week onward – the first week of Month 5 of pregnancy – it will most likely be a period of “stability”. You will feel that you can move around more freely and that will in turn make you feel more mentally refreshed!