Week 25, check! The countdown to your Estimated Delivery Date (EDD) has begun – only about 100 days left! Your baby will be practicing how to breathe and swallow in preparation for life outside the womb. But what’s going on in your belly right now? What about your own body – are any changes this week?
25 Weeks Pregnant: Weight gain and hemorrhoids
In Week 25 of pregnancy, the fundal height of the uterus is 9.3–11.4 in (23.5–29 cm). The top of the uterus is now above the navel, and from here on the amniotic fluid will continue to increase and cause the belly to swell even more. As a result, the uterus will put pressure on the internal organs, and blood pools in the lower part of the body such as intestines. This can lead the formation of bulging veins in the anus or rectum called hemorrhoids.
Changes in the levels of hormones in the mom’s body slow down bowel movement and cause stools to harden, which can result in hemorrhoids. When the protruding belly puts pressure on the anus, this can cause hemorrhoids to develop or worsen the condition of existing hemorrhoids.
If you’re suffering from hemorrhoids, you can help yourself by not putting on too much weight: Gaining too much weight strains the veins further, and this can exacerbate existing hemorrhoids. If you have already put on about 14–16 lbs (6.4–7.3 kg) since the start of pregnancy or more than a pound each week in the second trimester, this is a sign – it’s time to watch the scales!
Symptom #1: Legs and calves cramp
As the weeks go by and your belly grows bigger, the joints and ligaments in the pelvic region gradually loosen. As a result, some moms unconsciously change the way they walk, increasing the burden on their pelvis, spine, and abdominal muscles. The leg muscles bear the brunt of this increased burden, and muscles of your legs and calves might cramp as a result of this.
When you do not exercise enough, the blood in your legs is not able to circulate well, resulting in leg cramps. When you have leg cramp, grasp your toes and pull them back toward the top of your foot and massage your whole leg gently.
Symptom #2: Hair on body becomes darker
The active secretion of progesterone and estrogen in your body during pregnancy
stimulates cells called melanocytes, which results in the increased production of melanin. Although this differs from mom to mom, melanin generally causes hair to darken.
You might notice hair on your belly, legs, arms and back becoming darker during pregnancy. Although you might be shocked to find yourself with darker hair, this is a physiological phenomenon that occurs because of pregnancy, so after you have given birth, your hair will gradually return to the state it was in pre-pregnancy.
As your skin is in an especially delicate state, refrain from using razors or tweezers and if you really must use them, do use them with care.
25 Weeks Pregnant: Sonogram of fetus in your belly
In Week 25, the fetus is 12.2–14.2 in (31–36 cm) and weighs 1.3–2.5 lbs (600–1150 grams). The fetus doesn’t have much fats, and their skin is wrinkled. The fetus appears pink because the blood capillaries can be seen through the transparent skin. The fetus also starts practicing how to breathe through the nostrils.
- The nostrils open and the fetus practices how to breathe
The lens in the eyes form and the eyeballs start functioning
The fetus reacts to light
The nerves in lips become more sensitive and helps the fetus find and latch on to mother’s nipple
Fetus can hear sounds
Eyebrows and eyelash grow, nails can clearly be seen
The cerebral cortex continues to develop and is in control of the body’s movements
Fetus starts to have memory and is able to feel a range of emotions
The lungs develop and surfactant is secreted. Surfactant makes it easier to breathe by reducing the effort needed to expand the lungs
25 Weeks Pregnant: Periodontal disease can lead to preterm labor
Pregnant moms suffering from periodontal disease are at a higher risk of a preterm labor than moms who do not suffer from it. It is believed that cytokine, which is secreted as an immune response to periodontal disease, causes the contractions of the uterus.
According to another research result, when periodontal disease is cured, the risk of a preterm labor decreases by about half. In the second trimester of pregnancy, when you’re feeling well, deal with your dental problems head on and get rid of this problem once and for all.
Foods and drinks for constipation
In the second trimester of pregnancy, the intestines are compressed by the uterus, and the changes in the level of hormones give rise to constipation. Constipation can be remedied by exercise or by keeping your body warm, but exercising hard can backfire on moms with big baby bumps. Fruits or teas might just give you what you’re looking for.
Prunes are fruits that contain fiber and sorbitol – a sugar alcohol that is not well absorbed and causes water to enter the gastrointestinal tract, resulting in bowel movement. Although prunes are a natural laxative, they should not be consumed in huge amounts because taking in too much sorbitol can lead to diarrhea and abdominal cramps.
You might also want to try other fiber-rich fruits like apples and oranges. Teas like dandelion tea, burdock tea, green tea can help relieve constipation. If you consciously choose foods that help fight constipation, you might just be able to decrease the time you spend stuck in the bathroom.
25 Weeks Pregnant: Rest and relax!
The third and last trimester of pregnancy is approaching, and it is a countdown to yet another difficult three months. You might be thinking, “Carpe diem! I should do all that I can in the second trimester.” However, you might unintentionally overtax yourself and increase the severity of the abdominal tightness you feel.
Instead of having back-to-back appointments or meet-ups, take some time to rest and relax at home. Take a rest when you feel tightness in your belly and let your physical condition dictate what you should do for the day.