In Week 30 of pregnancy, your belly and breasts will undergo a “growth spurt”, and there is a possibility that you will face some skin troubles. The fetus’ respiratory and digestive systems are developing and even if a preterm birth takes place, the baby can grow into a healthy baby if nursed well.
However, do not overlook the fact that there are still a few weeks left before your Expected Delivery Date (EDD). If your baby has shown no signs of coming out just yet, it means that all is well for now! Let’s look at what you should look out for this week.
30 Weeks Pregnant: Weight gain and stretch marks
The fundal height of the uterus is around 10.6–13.8 in (27–35 cm), and the top of the uterus is about 4 in (10 cm) above your navel. As the skin is drastically stretched during this period of time, many moms see stretch marks appear starting from this week. Once pregnancy stretch marks appear, they do not disappear.
They can appear anywhere and everywhere, from your belly to your thighs and up to your chest area. Come up with a daily skincare routine to stop pregnancy stretch marks from appearing, and start today! One good method is to apply cream on your skin after soaking yourself in a hot tub of water – the warm water will help make your blood circulate faster, and this will help your skin absorb moisture.
Another cause of stretch marks is the sudden increase in body weight. If your weight increases by more than 1 pound (450 grams) a week, then now it’s a good time to start watching the scales closely. In the later stages of pregnancy, light exercises like walking or going up and down the stairs will contribute to you having a smooth delivery. Cultivating a habit like this isn’t easy, but try to make it a part of your everyday life!
30 Weeks Pregnant: Fetal movements gradually decrease
In the later stages of pregnancy, the baby becomes bigger and the space in which the fetus can move about in decreases. Also, the baby drops (lightens) and the head engages (settles into the pelvis). As a result, you might feel fewer fetal movements each day, and might not feel them as acutely as before.
During this period of time, Baby might be repeating its sleep-wake cycle every 20–30 minutes, so there will still be fetal movements. If you do not feel a single fetal movement in a 24-hour period, then it’s possible that something is wrong and calling the hospital might be a wise move to make.
Symptoms: Urinary Incontinence (UI)
From Week 30 onward, the baby becomes bigger and as they push down on the bladder, this causes the pelvic floor muscles around your urethra weakens, and the bladder can only hold a smaller volume of urine as it is compressed. As a result, urine leaks from your bladder more easily than before. About 70% of pregnant moms have had experienced urine leaking from their bladder before, so urine incontinence is much more common than you might think it is. In order to set your mind at ease, you might want to purchase some incontinence pads or some panty liners and have them ready with you on the go wherever you may be.
30 Weeks Pregnant: Sonogram of fetus in your belly
The fetus in Week 30 is 15.7–16.9 in (40–43 cm) and weighs 2.6–3.9 lbs (1.2–1.75 kg). As the height and weight of the fetus increase at a slower rate, your figure might not have changed much since last week. As your baby now has a little more control over their respiratory and digestive system, and can regulate their own body temperature a little better, they will still be able to develop healthily even if they are born premature (before Week 37), as long as they receive proper neonatal care.
- The lungs develop and the fetus is now able to breathe
- Fetus is able to blink
- The fetus moves their eyeballs at times
- The mouth moves, mimicking the specific sucking action required during breastfeeding
- Fetus develops a sleep-wake cycle
- Fetus’ thermoregulation system develops
- The folds in the brain form; intellect and sensation start developing
- The immunity system starts developing
- The lanugo (soft, fine hair) drops off and the fetus is developing the ability to regulate their own body temperature
How to deal with a breech baby
In the second trimester of pregnancy, although some babies are in breech position, most will correct their positions and only 3–4% are ultimately delivered while still in breech position.1Around Week 30, as the brains of the fetus develop further, the head becomes heavier and slowly is pulled downwards by gravity. This naturally corrects the fetus’ breech position to a vertex (head-down) position.
However, when the breech baby doesn’t turn even when the pregnancy is well into Week 30, consult your doctor about pregnancy exercises you can do to turn your breech baby into a vertex position.
Moxibustion, acupressure, or external cephalic version can help correct the baby’s breech position. There is time left until delivery, so you might want to broach the subject with your practitioner this week and find out how to deal with a breech baby one step at a time.
30 Weeks Pregnant: Signs of preterm labor
Babies born before Week 30 of pregnancy might not be fully developed and are at risk of developing breathing problems or have impaired cognitive skills. Babies born from the end of Week 31, however, are at a lower risk of being born with congenital anomalies. This is because the fetus’ organs and immunity system are both fully developed around Week 30. However, when the baby is born before Week 37, there is usually a need for the infant to stay in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) to receive treatment.
The symptoms of a preterm labor – tightness in the belly, abdominal pain, bleeding, water breaking (the breaking of the amniotic sac) – are not easy to diagnose by yourself and they are usually determined via health checkups, so don’t hesitate when you think the situation calls for a trip down to the practitioner’s.
30 Weeks Pregnant: All is well!
In Week 30, your belly becomes bigger and you might start becoming more sensitive to the things around you. This is definitely not an easy situation to be in, but you can delight in the fact that your baby is growing bigger and heavier. Since how much your baby actually grows is dependent on independent factors, if the practitioner says all is well, there is no need to compare the growth of your baby to that of others’. Simply focus on your baby’s growth, maintain a positive attitude, and all will be well!