Bladder Infection During Pregnancy: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, and Medicine

Pregnant women are especially susceptible to bladder infection, and it’s extremely painful. Add this pain to the discomfort you feel because of the changes in your body and you might be in for a hard time if you have a bladder infection. Let’s sum up the causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention tips!

What causes bladder infections during pregnancy?

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Weakened immune system

Hormonal changes in your body during pregnancy can mess up your automatic nervous system and weaken your immune system. The proliferation of bacteria in your body can inevitably lead to a bladder infection. Another infection you need to guard yourself against during pregnancy is chlamydia.


Feeling like you have leftover urine and holding it in

You might be rudely awakened by the call of nature during the night repeatedly. However, if nothing comes out when you go to the restroom, you could be feeling the urge to urinate because of residual urine.
Holding urine in because you don’t want to go to the restroom repeatedly forces your bladder to hold the urine for a longer period of time, allowing germs to breed in your bladder and this results in bladder infections.


Vaginal discharge and sexual intercourse

The amount of vaginal discharge increases during pregnancy and the area around the vulva can easily become an ideal breeding ground for bacteria. If bacteria enters your urinary tract, this can lead to bladder infections. The introduction of bacteria to the area around the vulva through sexual intercourse can also cause bladder infections through the urinary tract. Make sure you shower before having sex – wash your hands and wash your private parts properly and keep them as germ-free as possible!

Bladder infection symptoms during pregnancy

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The main symptom of a bladder infection that is not very serious yet is discomfort or tingling sensations after urinating. These sensations slowly become painful, trips to the restroom increase in frequency, and being able to feel the residual urine are also signs of a worsening bladder infection. When bladder infections are serious, urine becomes dark in color and there might even be blood passed out together with the urine. The pain also intensifies.

Bladder infection treatment during pregnancy

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Once you notice symptoms indicating the onset of a bladder infection, go to the hospital right away. You will need to take antibiotics until you recover completely. Anti-inflammatory drugs are also used to cure a bladder infection. In general, most medicines are safe for use during pregnancy.

A bladder infection can reach the kidney and cause a kidney infection. Light bladder infections can be cured without actually taking medicine, but it’s best to fight off the bacteria as quickly as you can.

Prevention tips for bladder infection during pregnancy

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・Drink 1.5 to 2 liters of water every day (include about 600ml of water in 3 meals a day)
・Go to the restroom frequently (Note the number of trips made to the restroom, amount, and color of urine)
・Keep the area around the vagina clean; use pantyliners if you have to
・Shower before and after having sexual intercourse; keep your vaginal area clean
・Have a balanced diet and enough sleep to boost immune system

Have a sense of urgency about treating bladder infection

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Bladder infection during pregnancy is a common issue and there is nothing to be ashamed about. Note the number of times you answer nature’s call in a day, the amount and the color of your urine. Bladder infection doesn’t have a direct effect on the fetus, and medicine for bladder infection is safe for use during pregnancy.

If you have urinary urgency or other signs of a bladder infection, fight it with a sense of urgency! You don’t want it to worsen. Talk to your practitioner if you think something is amiss.