How does pregnancy occur? It’s a basic question, but it’s also what lots of people wonder about it. To know the answer, you need to understand what an ovary is and how ovulation, fertilization and implantation happen.
How pregnancy occurs: What’s an ovary?
The ovary is an organ which has the primordial ovarian follicles that contain all the eggs a woman will have in her lifetime. A woman has two ovaries and they are located on both sides of the uterus.
The ovary has two functions: to store the eggs that will become your baby, and to secrete female hormones. The ovaries act as the “ovarian reserve”, holding about 1 to 2 million eggs at birth, but this number becomes lower day by day. When a girl hits puberty, it signals the start of the maturation of the eggs.
Getting regular ovarian checks
As the ovaries are located deep inside the pelvic cavity, signs indicating ovarian problems rarely appear. For example, even if one ovary has a problem like a tumor, menstrual periods still come and you can get pregnant if the other ovary is functioning just fine.
In most cases, you notice that something is wrong with your ovaries after the problems get serious, so it’s best to go for check ups regularly.
How pregnancy occurs: Ovulation to implantation
Ovulation refers to the release of a mature egg from an ovary every month. Ovulation tends to happen at the mid-cycle between your last and next menstruation period. Some women see a change in the color or amount of their vaginal discharge near ovulation day.
Ovulation happens only to one egg – hundred of other eggs which were maturing prior to ovulation die off.
A released egg and an ejaculated sperm meet at the fallopian tube and get united. This process is called fertilization.
A fertilized egg travels from the fallopian tube to the uterus while undergoing cell divisions. The fertilized egg finally reaches the endometrium (the uterine lining) and implants itself to it. When this implantation is complete, a pregnancy is considered to be established.
What can stop ovulation?
One of the ovary’s main functions is to release an egg during ovulation. Ovulation happens as a result of hormones secreted by the brain. In other words, even if there aren’t any functional problems in the ovaries, if the hormones aren’t secreted, then this could cause problems with ovulation.
If the woman is undergoing an extreme diet or is under tremendous stress, the hormones which trigger ovulation aren’t secreted well and ovulation doesn’t occur. If you want to get pregnant, make sure you stop extreme dieting and have ways to deal with your stress effectively.
All your eggs are in “one basket”, so take care of your ovaries!
What is essential is invisible to the eye. You are not able to see your ovaries and even bother to think of them, but whether you can get pregnant on not depends a lot on your ovaries. Since science has put all your eggs into “one basket” – two, for accuracy’s sake – this will mean that you have to take care of them.
Take good care of your ovaries indirectly by dealing with stress and managing your meals well. Your biological clock is counting down since the day you were born, and you’re losing eggs all the time – so do what you can to keep the rest in good health!