All kinds of changes take place in a woman’s body when pregnancy is established. These changes are detectable even in the early stages of pregnancy and usually happens after the fertilized egg implants itself in the endometrium and pregnancy is established. You might be wondering if any signs show up in the period from after fertilization to before implantation. Let’s solve the mysteries behind these signs of pregnancy and find out why they occur.
Implantation: The start of pregnancy
Pregnancy is established when the fertilized egg implants itself into the endometrium. Through the process of ovulation, an ovum is produced and when this egg meets with a sperm, a fertilized egg is formed. After numerous rounds of cell division, the fertilized egg, now called a blastocyst, travels through the Fallopian tubes and reach the uterus in about 7 to 10 days.
After floating around for a few days in the uterus, the blastocyst sticks onto the endometrium and burrows its way through. This is implantation. The moment from which the blastocyst “roots” itself into the endometrium, pregnancy officially starts.
With regard to how to count the weeks of pregnancy, it’s not very complicated! The first day of your last menstrual period is considered the first day of pregnancy – Week 0 Day 0. Week 1 of pregnancy is the week in which your period ends, ovulation occurs in Week 2 of pregnancy, and implantation occurs in Week 3.
Symptoms of implantation
Implantation causes the levels of hormones to change, so once the egg finds its home in the endometrium, the signs of pregnancy start appearing. The egg produced through ovulation becomes a fertilized egg when it meets a sperm. There are no detectable changes in the body even when a fertilized egg is formed in Week 3 of pregnancy.
Some women experience bleeding and cramps when implantation takes place. What are the other signs and symptoms you might see after implantation takes place?
Symptom of implantation 1: Bleeding
When implantation takes place, there is usually light bleeding, and this is called implantation bleeding. When the fertilized egg implants itself in the endometrium, the endometrium is “hurt”. As the bleeding is very slight, you might see vaginal discharge that is tinged with blood, and so the discharge is usually brownish in color.
Implantation bleeding usually lasts for about 1 day, but in some cases it could last for a few days and it could be mistaken for menstrual bleeding. If you see bleeding that resembles menstrual period come a few days before the usual date, it could possibly be that you’re not looking at your usual menstrual period, but blood loss due to implantation.
Symptom of implantation 2: “Implantation cramping”
“Implantation cramping” refer to the pain you might feel when implantation happens. Although there is no scientific evidence for whether implantation really causes cramps or not, some women testify that they feel pain around the supposed time when the fertilized egg implants itself into the endometrium. You might also feel pain in the form of prickling pain in the soles of your feet or on your whole body.
However, most women do not feel any “implantation cramping”, so there isn’t any need for you to worry if you’re not feeling any pain.
Symptom of implantation 3: Change in vaginal discharge
Changes in vaginal discharge might occur before and after implantation. You might see an increase in the amount of vaginal discharge during that period of time. Female hormones like progesterone and estrogen, which help to create an environment suitable for the fertilized egg’s growth, are secreted in increased amounts, and this leads to an increase in vaginal discharge. The discharge might appear a little drier than the normal vaginal discharge you usually have.
Symptom of implantation 4: Flu-like symptoms
You might experience some flu-like symptoms during the period between fertilization and implantation. This is because your basal body temperature increases and enters a high range, and you might feel feverish due to that. You might have the same symptoms as you do when you’re down with the flu – feeling feverish, feeling sleeping, having a runny nose, and having the chills.
If you aren’t pregnant, you’ll feel your temperature drop before your period comes. If you record a high body temperature for 2 weeks or more, then the possibility that you’re pregnant is relatively high.
Symptom of implantation 5: Tightness in chest
You might be feeling some tightness in your breasts after implantation takes place. This is because the hormone levels in your body change, and your body, especially your breasts, change to prepare your body for pregnancy. After implantation takes place, you might feel some soreness or sensations different from the usual menstrual period symptoms.
Symptom of implantation 6: Nausea
When implantation occurs, symptoms similar to morning sickness might appear. You might have an upset stomach and feel nauseated, start having a profound dislike for food you used to love, and start eating food you never thought you could stomach before. Also, you might become sensitive to smells, and become especially sensitive to certain smells to the point of wanting to puke.
Symptom of implantation 7: Emotional ups-and-downs
A sign of implantation is the change in the emotions you feel after implantation takes place. You might be feeling a little antsy before implantation, but feel emotionally more stable after implantation takes place.
Or, it might be the complete opposite and you might start feeling emotionally down more often. However, this cannot be verified accurately, and so its best to take the other signs of pregnancy into consideration as well.
Implantation signs: Can they really tell me if I’m pregnant?
You might see a variety of signs telling you that implantation has happened, or you might see no sign of any signs at all. As implantation is one of the first few stages in pregnancy, there is no need to be too worried even if you don’t see any signs.
If your period is late by a bit and you’re already over the moon wondering if you could be pregnant – hold your horses! You might want to confirm your pregnancy with a pregnancy test kit a week after your period was supposed to come, to find out what’s really going on. If the pregnancy test gives you positive result, you know its time to go to a practitioner to get yourself checked.